城市规划

2015, v.39;No.335(05) 89-96

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美国TOD理念发展背景及历程解析
AN ANALYSIS ON THE BACKGROUND AND EVOLUTION OF TRANSIT-ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT IN THE USA

丁川;吴纲立;林姚宇;
DING Chuan;WU Gangli;LIN Yaoyu;

摘要(Abstract):

以时间为主线对美国TOD理念的发展背景及历程进行梳理,揭示了TOD理念具有的深刻美国城市规划理论和历史渊源,明确了TOD理念对抑制美国城市低密度蔓延、缓解城市交通问题、实现城市可持续发展的价值所在。鉴于中美城市发展背景的差异,梳理美国TOD理念发展历程可以为我国的实践提供借鉴,为TOD理念中国化的理论探讨提供参考。
This paper analyzes the background and evolution of transit-oriented development(TOD) in the United States following the time order, and reveals the theoretical basis in urban planning and historical background of the development of TOD. The paper clarifi es the value of the concept of TOD in controlling the low-density urban sprawl, relieving urban traffic problems, and achieving sustainable development for American cities. Considering the different urban development background between China and the United States, this study provides a reference for further theoretical discussion on the application of TOD in Chinese cities.

关键词(KeyWords): 公共交通导向发展;小汽车导向发展;土地开发;交通问题
transit-oriented development;automobile-oriented development;land development;traffi c problem

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)资助项目(2012CB725404);; 生态规划与绿色建筑教育部重点实验室开放课题(清华大学,2013U-6);; 深圳市科技研发基础研究课题(JCYJ20120615145601342,JCYJ20130325151523015);; 国家自然科学基金项目(41371169);; 广东省科技计划项目(2013B040401003)

作者(Authors): 丁川;吴纲立;林姚宇;
DING Chuan;WU Gangli;LIN Yaoyu;

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