城市规划

2017, v.41;No.359(03) 67-76

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争地与空间权威运作——一个土地政策视角大城市边缘区空间形态演变机制的解释框架
LAND CONTENTION AND SPACE AUTHORITY OPERATION:A FRAMEWORK TO EXPLAIN MECHANISM OF SPACE FORM EVOLUTION IN METROPOLIS MARGINAL ZONE FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF LAND POLICY

冷方兴;孙施文;
LENG Fangxing;SUN Shiwen;

摘要(Abstract):

提出了以"争夺和实现土地发展权"为核心内容的"争地"的概念,并在国家-社会关系的基础上,结合大城市边缘区实际情况与特殊性,提出国家-集体-市场关系的理论命题,用于分析争地过程中各争地主体之间的行动与互动关系。由此进一步提出了"空间权威"的核心概念,并建立起相应的分析框架,用于解释边缘区空间形态演变的特征与机制。从中发现,边缘区空间形态演变的历史是国家、集体与市场争夺土地发展权即争地的历史,国家、集体与市场之间基于空间权威的运作过程决定了争地的胜负,并导致了空间形态演变过程及相应的空间特征。
This paper puts forward the concept of "land contention" in which the core content is to "strive for and realize the land development right", and on the foundation of relationship between statesociety, it suggests the theoretical theme of statecollective-market relationship combined with the real situation and specificity of metropolis marginal zone to analyze the action and interaction relationship among related subjects in the process of land contention. Furthermore, the core concept of "space authority" is presented and the corresponding analytical framework is established to explain the characteristics and mechanism of space form evolution in marginal zones. The study shows that the history of space form evolution in marginal zone is a history of fighting for land development rights among state, collectives and market, i.e., the history of land contention. The operation process of space authority among state, collectives and market, determines the results of land contention, and leads to the evolution process and corresponding characteristics of spatial forms.

关键词(KeyWords): 空间形态演变;大城市边缘区;争地;国家-集体-市场关系;空间权威
space form evolution;metropolis marginal zone;land contention;state-collective market relationship;space authority

Abstract:

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作者(Authors): 冷方兴;孙施文;
LENG Fangxing;SUN Shiwen;

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